Diversity and Social Justice in College Sports: Sport Management and the Student Athlete

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Diversity and inclusion have been constant, challenging themes in the American experience because we have long been a diverse nation. Within the realm of higher education, the foremost goal of this nation’s colleges and universities is to provide the best possible learning environment for all students. . . . Institutions of higher education must recognize the inherent worth and dignity of every person and seek to promote an understanding of human diversity in all its dimensions.
—from the Preface by Charlotte F. Westerhaus, vice president for diversity and inclusion, NCAA Each of the well-researched chapters in this comprehensive volume makes a singular contribution to understanding the complexities of diversity and social justice in college sports. Chapters are grouped into sections that address major components:

  • Historical Analysis
    Social Justice and Cultural Concerns
    African American Coaching and Other Leadership Opportunities
    Media, Media Images, and Stereotyping
    Intersection of Race, Sport, and Law
    Sport Administration/Management: Intersection of Race, Class, and Gender
  • Looking Toward the Future

This volume makes a valuable contribution to the literature on American sports.
—from the Introduction by George H. Sage, past president of the North American Society for the Sociology of Sport, past president of the National Association for Physical Education in Higher Education, and professor emeritus of kinesiology and sociology at the University of Northern Colorado

Contents

Preface............................................................................................................. ix

Dana D. Brooks   ▲  Ronald C. Althouse

Prologue........................................................................................................... xi

Charlotte Westerhaus

Introduction...................................................................................................... 1

George H. Sage

 

Section One: Historical Analysis

Chapter 1

Climbing the Racial Mountain:

A History of the African American Experience in Sport......................................... 21

David K. Wiggins

 

Section Two: Social Justice and Cultural Concerns

Chapter 2

African American Women in Intercollegiate Coaching

and Athletic Administration: Unequal Access..................................................... 51

Robertha Abney Chapter 3

The Academic Experiences of African American Collegiate Athletes:

Implications for Policy and Practice.................................................................... 77

Audwin Anderson Donald South

Chapter 4

From Glory to Glory: The Transition of African American

Athletes from College Sports into Athletic Retirement........................................... 95

Billy J. Hawkins  Brianne   Milan-Williams Akilah  Carter

 

 

 

Section Three: African American Coaching and Other Leadership Opportunities

Chapter 5

African American Coaching Mobility Models

and the “Global Market Place”......................................................................... 117

Dana D. Brooks Ronald C. Althouse Delano  Tucker

Chapter 6

Ethnic Minority Opportunities in College

and Professional Sports: A Business Imperative................................................. 139

Fritz G. Polite Chapter 7

An Examination of Athletic Directors’

Perception of Barriers to Employment Opportunities......................................... 159

Doris R. Corbett Miguel J. Tabron

 

Section Four: Media, Media Images, and Stereotyping

Chapter 8

African Americans and the Media: Roles and Opportunities

to Be Broadcasters, Journalists, Reporters, and Announcers.................................. 179

Doris R. Corbett Aaron B. Stills

Chapter 9

Mainstreaming and Integrating the Spectacle and Substance of Scholar-Baller: A New Blueprint for Higher Education,

the NCAA, and Society.................................................................................. 201

C. Keith Harrison Jean Boyd

Chapter 10

Taboo’s Explanation of Black Athletic Dominance:

More Fiction than Fact.................................................................................. 233

Othello Harris Chapter 11

Who Am I? Racial Identity, Athletic Identity,

and the African American Athlete................................................................... 245

Louis Harrison, Jr. Leonard N. Moore

 

Section Five: Intersection of Race, Sport, and Law

Chapter 12

The Persistence of Unconscious Racism in College Sport..................................... 263

Timothy Davis Chapter 13

Academic Inequity and the Impact of NCAA Rules........................................... 281

Timothy Davis Chapter 14

The Dilemmas and Contradictions of “Gettin’ Paid”............................................ 295

Scott N. Brooks Linda J. Kim

 

Section Six: Sport Administration/Management: Intersection of Race, Class, and Gender

Chapter 15

Beyond Tokenism to Empowerment:

The Black Women in Sport Foundation............................................................. 313

Linda Sheryl Greene Tina Sloan Green

Chapter 16

The Globalization of Sport: A Bridge to Advancing Cultures............................ 333

Fritz G. Polite Chapter 17

African Americans’ Consumption of Sport: Race Matters!................................ 357

Ketra L. Armstrong

Epilogue: Looking Toward the Future—Developing a Shared Community

African American Community: The Dynamics of Race, Class,

Gender, and Community Sports.............................................................................. 379

Earl Smith Angela J. Hattery

 

Summary.......................................................................................................... 407

Dana D. Brooks Ronald C. Althouse

Index................................................................................................................ 417

About the Editors.............................................................................................. 424

About the Authors.............................................................................................. 425