Group Environment Questionnaire Manual

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The widely acclaimed Group Environment Questionnaire a test that assesses group cohesion in sport measures the task and social aspects of an athlete's perceptions of and attraction to the group. The GEQ contains 18 items and has four scales: Individual Attraction to Group-Task; Individual Attraction to Group-Social; Group Integration-Task; and Group Integration's Social. The Group Environment Questionnaire Test Manual provides the test user with extensive detail about the GEQ.

The manual is organized into the following chapters:

  • Chapter 1: An Introduction to Group Cohesion in Sport
    Chapter 2: Development and Description of the GEQ
    Chapter 3: Psychometric Properties of the GEQ
    Chapter 4: Normative Data for the GEQ

The Group Environment Questionnaire Test Manual also contains the GEQ and scoring key. Purchase of the manual entitles the user to reproduce multiple copies of the GEQ for test projects.         

Contents

Overview: The Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ). . . . . . vii
Chapter 1—An Introduction to Group Cohesion in Sport . . . . . . . . 1
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Cohesion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
The Nature of Cohesion in Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Implications From the Definition of Cohesion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Measurement Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Conceptual Bases for Bases for the GEQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
The Nature of Conceptual Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Conceptual Model for Cohesion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Chapter 2—Development and Description of the GEQ . . . . . . . . 12
Scale Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
The Group Environment Questionnaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Considerations for Scoring the GEQ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
The Unit of Analysis in Cohesion Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Chapter 3—Psychometric Properties of the GEQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
The Nature of Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Reliability of the GEQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
The Nature of Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Content Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Concurrent Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Predictive Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Factorial Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Construct Validity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Validity of GEQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
A Research Caveat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Factorial Validity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Factorial Validity as an Indicant
of the Nature of Cohesiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Adapting the GEQ to Other Contexts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Chapter 4—Normative Data for the GEQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Normative Information on the GEQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Nature of the Questionnaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Nature of Norms Samples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Nature of the GEQ Norms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Using Normative Information on Cohesion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Importance of Careful Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Importance of Knowledgeable Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
The Group Environment Questionnaire. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
GEQ Scoring Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53