Let’s Here It for the Home Team: Williams v. National Football League Upholds Geographic Ticket Sales Ban

James T. Reese and Mark A. Dodds

In March 2015, a marketing executive for the Atlanta Falcons was fired and the team was penalized by the National Football League (NFL) Commissioner’s office for piping artificial crowd noise into the Georgia Dome during home games (“Falcons Fined,” 2015). It is just the latest example of the lengths to which professional sports teams will go in seeking to gain a competitive advantage by creating a more hostile environment for visiting teams.