Regional Determinants of Competitiveness: The Case of European Soccer Teams, pp. 222-234

Paulo Jorge Reis Mourão

This paper investigates the statistical relationship between European regional development and the competitiveness of professional soccer teams. Using data on more than 140 European regions (NUT2) from the period 1990–2006, it concludes that professional soccer teams are more likely to show superior performance if their head offices are located in population-dense regions that have a high GDP and in highly urbanized areas.