Articles in this issue:

  • Robbie Butler and David Butler

    This paper examines the impartiality of referee decision making when applying Law 7 of FIFA’s Laws of the Game. We investigate decision making relating to the allocation of additional time for 1,515 English Premier League matches from 2009 to 2013. The research finds no evidence of home favoritism and limited evidence of a bias towards “big” clubs, a phenomenon commonly known as Fergie Time. However, an examination of close matches finds Fergie Time is not present, suggesting its ability to alter tight matches is negligible.Read more

  • James Richard Hill and Peter A. Groothuis

    The influx of international players into the NBA has led researchers to investigate whether either pay discrimination or a pay premium exists for these new entrants. Previous results have been mixed. Using similar techniques with a longer unbalanced panel dataset (1989–2013) that covers all the years of the previous studies, we test for the robustness of the results. We suggest that discrimination results are quite sensitive to the specifications and techniques used. We find that foreign wage premiums exist only for early foreign entrants and neither pay discrimination nor a wage premium...Read more

  • Matthew G. Interis and Naomi J. Taylor

    We conduct the first study to estimate the dollar value of a sports tradition. Using a contingent valuation survey, we estimate the net benefits of ringing cowbells at Mis­sissippi State University football games to be about $1 million per home game. The per-person benefits of the tradition are $25 for non-students and $9 for students who favor the tradition, and the costs are $8 for non-students and $6 for students who op­pose the tradition. Alumni and fans who bring cowbells to games have significantly higher values for the tradition. The tradition is continually under threat of being...Read more

  • Ruud H. Koning
    Jochen Mierau
    Thomas Peeters

    This special issue of the International Journal of Sports Finance (IJSF) features two pa­pers that were presented at the eighth conference of the European Sport Economics Association (ESEA). The conference was hosted by the Department of Economics, Econometrics and Finance at the University of Groningen, in close collaboration with the research school SOM. The conference began August 31, 2016, in the Noordlease Stadium of FC Groningen, and wrapped up September 2. In total, 97 abstracts were submitted for review, and 72 were accepted for presentation. A wide variety of coun­tries were...Read more

  • Sören Dallmeyer
    Pamela Wicker
    and Christoph Breuer

    This study performs a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between various types of government spending and individual sport participation. By combining in­dividual data from the German Socio-Economic Panel with expenditure data of the federal states for the period 2003–2011, direct (i.e., sport facilities, pools, general sport promotion), potential spillover (i.e., education, health, streets, public transport, envi­ronment), and substitution effects (i.e., culture) on regular sport participation are ana­lyzed. The results of probit models reveal positive effects for direct sport-...Read more

  • Julio del Corral
    Carlos Gomez-Gonzalez
    and José Manuel Sánchez-Santos

    Studying the performance and efficiency of countries participating in the Olympic Games is a topic of interest in the area of economics and operations research. Com­monly, efficiency in this area has been analyzed using outputs like number of medals, the number of medals weighted by category, and the number of diplomas, while the most common inputs are gross domestic product (GDP) and population. This paper contributes to the literature by analyzing the countries’ efficiencies in the Rio 2016 Summer Olympics with stochastic frontier models. Moreover, this study aims to fill three research...Read more