Articles in this issue:

  • Hendrik Scholten
    Christian Deutscher
    and Jochen Mayer

    This paper seeks to determine the financial costs of recent injuries and market expectations of players’ future attrition rates by investigating the impacts on free agent contract designs, as represented by the yearly salary and contract length. The empirical findings, derived from data about 698 free agent contracts in Major League Baseball between 2011 and 2018, indicate that injuries exert different impacts on salaries versus contract lengths. For example, free agents who recently injured an elbow or shoulder receive shorter contracts than those not injured in the previous season, but...Read more

  • Joo Yeon Sun

    This study explores free agent transactions of the Korea Baseball Organization from 2000 to 2018. It examines whether player mobility patterns differ across free agent pitchers and hitters. The probability of free agent pitchers transferring increases with the pitching position of the starting or closer pitcher. The probability of transfer for a hitter is negatively associated with age and left-handedness. The inertia of staying with the current team increases when substantial signing bonuses are paid to the free agent pitcher. A strong contract year affects the hitter mobility model, with...Read more

  • John A. Menge
    Torsten Schlesinger
    and Hyunwoong Pyun

    This study aims to analyze fans’ demand for live football matches in the German 2. Bundesliga, focusing on match-outcome uncertainty. To examine the decision to attend sporting events, a fixed effects regression and the Tobit model were used to test the uncertainty of game outcomes and reference-dependent preferences with loss aversion. The estimated fans’ demand for attending live football matches is represented by the logged attendance of 2,442 matches from the 2010/2011 to the 2017/2018 seasons of the 2. Bundesliga. Our findings indicate that fans prefer certain game outcomes over...Read more

  • John Nowland and Jomo Sankara

    Many professional football clubs have big plans for new stadiums or stadium expansions. Bigger stadiums are a sign of status, help to increase and diversify revenue streams, and enhance the fan experience. So how should a football club go about getting a bigger stadium? Should they build a new one or expand their existing stadium? And how are these stadium investments associated with club performance? Using an event study approach, we analyze sporting performance in the years around stadium investments in the English Premier League from 1992/1993 to 2021/2022. We find that clubs with...Read more